Faces of ALI: The Unique Hell of Secondary Infertility


One of the known media narratives, illustrated here (and in the subsequent interview by Terry Gross on NPR) is that, well, men and women getting old causes infertility. There’s a bit of a “blame the victim” mentality here: men and women should forget about societal norms and careers and graduate school and get their family planning on YOUNG.

Esperanza’s story is the real world example of what happens when a well-educated woman in a circle of other well-educated professionals values having a family above all else. And what happens when infertility happens to young people, anyway?


A Born Mother

Esperanza’s life has been shaped by two major factors. The first is her love of children. From a young age, Esperanza knew she wanted to be a mother. She loved everything about babies and children, and she was a natural around them. She was the girl who would rather babysit than hang out with friends. All of her after-school jobs were childcare related.

“When I was little I wasn’t all that into Prince Charming. I didn’t really think much about whether I would eventually find the perfect guy. When I fantasized about the future it was children I saw. I assumed I’d have them with someone I loved but I didn’t think much about what that person might be like. I just really didn’t contemplate marriage all that much.”

The second factor is the reproductive history of her mother.

“My little sister died when she was two months old (I was two). She was born very sick and never left the hospital…

After that my mother lost three pregnancies – each at five months. All boys. I’ve visited my sister’s grave often. I don’t know where those babies were laid to rest.”

Esperanza was a girl who wanted more than anything to become a mother, yet she knew how hard this goal might be for her to achieve.


The Prom Queen

2010 Teen Choice Awards - Show

Although Esperanza was a high-achieving student, eventually admitted to one of our country’s best universities and was also, literally, a prom queen, she felt different from her other friends and schoolmates who had other dreams. Dreams of exciting careers, romance, love and adventure.

Esperanza’s more down-to-earth dream was having a family of perhaps two or three children. She took a job that would support her goal. She chose to be a teacher because of the flexible hours and vacations. And she looked for a mate, someone who would also want to build a family. Someone kind and gentle and principled who would be a good father. But someone like that was hard to find within her circle of friends in their mid-twenties, who were more interested in partying and traveling and having a good time than settling down. She began to despair. It wasn’t until she was 25 that she met her very first boyfriend, a man she calls Mi.Vida. Mi.Vida was kind, loyal and he loved her. But Esperanza soon found that Mi.Vida was not ready to jump into the parenting waters as quickly as she was. She had to decide: should she wait it out? It had taken her so long to find someone. She decided to let Mi.Vida know her strong interest in having children, so he knew her goal early on. They stuck together and after two long years of conversations (and couples counseling), they decided to start building a family together. They were 28 years old when they went down to City Hall to cement their commitment.

Esperanza was worried when they started to Try To Conceive (TTC) because she had suffered from amenorrhea, which is the lack of regular periods, and this was yet another reason she wanted to start building her family as quickly as she could. To prepare her body, she began a strict regimen of traditional chinese medicine, yoga, whole foods and accupuncture three months before TTC. To Esperanza’s shock and surprise, she got pregnant within six months. But her surprise soon turned to sadness when she discovered her pregnancy was not viable: it was ectopic and life-threatening. She needed emergency medical measures performed. Grief quickly turned into panic as she remembered her mother’s horrible history.

What is an ectopic pregnancy?

It was a blow, to say the least.

It took time to recover from her physical and mental anguish. Making it worse was when she reached out to friends for support, she was rebuffed.

“The struggle to start a family is not something our society shares. We would, and do, share the start of our family with the world when the word struggle is not included; but when that word finds its way into the experience, suddenly we are shut down.”

Gearing up to try again took courage, but anyone who has ever met Esperanza knows she does not lack for that. Four months later, she was pregnant. Nine months after that, she gave birth to her daughter Isa.

She was the youngest mother she knew.


Oh, The Places You Won’t Go

September 2007 020

When you have children young within your circle of friends, it’s a more difficult transition. Your peers are out making careers happen, advancing by working crazy hours, networking at parties, building a savings account. Traveling, having adventures. Going to concerts.

Mi.Vida had a difficult time with the transition of being a young parent. Mi.Vida has a passion for indie music, and produces several important and influential music events in their urban area as a volunteer project, in addition to his important work for a non-profit. He didn’t want to give this hobby up: he had after all become a father younger than he would have cared to.

Esperanza thought it was important to give him space. She was settling into being a mother, too. It was a constant struggle to make ends meet. Neither of them were in a place in their careers where they had room to breathe financially. Esperanza longed to eventually become a SAHM. But the area where they live has the second highest cost of living in the country. They considered moving, but all of their immediate family lived in the area and provided help with childcare and invaluable love. It was a tough decision, but they decided to stay.

As Esperanza entered her thirties, she began to talk more about having a second child. The longer she waited, the more panicky she became.

“There is a part of me, the part I believe is driven by my biological imperative, that wants to have a baby right here and right now, come hell or high water. This voice oscillates between a loud shouting and a quiet whisper and is fairly persistant, though frequently drowned out by the day to day.”

But Mi.Vida was resistant. They went to couples counseling to speak about the difference between them. Mi.Vida was fine having one child, Esperanza was not. Slowly they worked towards closing that gap: compromises were made on both sides. Esperanza agreed with Mi.Vida that they would live in the city permanently (something she wasn’t keen on), and Mi.Vida agreed they would begin to try to conceive soon. Eventually, Mi.Vida expressed his own desire to have a second child:

“He mentioned how much he loves being a father, how he appreciates the challenges of parenthood even if they sometimes feel overwhelming; while he misses the lazy carefree existence of life without kids he also values all he accomplishes as a father. He says he loves the connection he has with Isa and looks forward to nurturing a similarly fulfilling relationship with another child. He also says, for all its nuanced complexities, that parenthood has brought us closer together and he wants to build our family knowing that we, as a couple, will grow too.”

They were ready to try again.


Hardcore TTC


Esperanza quickly took control, using temperature charts to figure out when she was ovulating. She honestly described the not-fun methods of lovemaking and timed intercourse and the stress of having to time it all perfectly. The stress that it took on their relationship. And as each month passed, she began to worry. Why wasn’t this happening for them?

When nine failed cycles became ten, and ten became eleven, she realized that they would soon fall into that dreaded statistic: those who have failed to become pregnant after 12 months of trying. Those couples are advised, if they are under 35, to seek fertility testing. So after the 12th cycle, Esperanza made the appointments for the testing: an Hystosalpingogram for her to test whether both of her Fallopian tubes were open, blood tests to check her hormone levels of CD3, FSH and E2, and an appointment for Mi.Vida to check his sperm counts and motility. She felt pretty confused.

“For the first time since I started building my family I have no idea what to expect. For the first time, I don’t have any expectation of getting pregnant. I haven’t counted out when I’d be due if I got pregnant during the next cycle. I haven’t wondered what I’ll do about maternity leave or taking a year off of my job. I haven’t made any possible plans in my head, I haven’t laid out any probable futures in my mind’s eye. In that place where all those dreams used live, there is only emptiness.”

She thought that the results would probably be normal. She suspected she might be faced with a diagnosis of unexplained infertility. After all, she had gotten pregnant twice in one year only a few years before. She thought the RE would give her a recommendation for a non-intrusive IUI cycle. Maybe a prescription of Clomid.

She was wrong. Dead wrong.




The first result they got back was Esperanza’s HSG test. Both of her tubes were clear. Then she got back the blood test results. One of the results (the E2) was on the higher range of normal, and her RE advised her to get the AMH test, which is a more reliable predictor of ovarian reserve. (How many eggs a woman has.)

Meanwhile, Mi.Vida’s results came back and they were not normal. Almost all of his counts: numbers and motility, were low. More worryingly, traces of blood were found in his sample. He was advised to see a urologist.

Then came the deadliest blow: on a Friday morning on a cold January day, the RE called Esperanza to tell her the results of her AMH test. The number was shocking: .59. The RE told her she had the ovarian reserve that he would expect to find in a woman who was 42-45.

“He also said that while he can’t predict I’ll start menopause when I’m 40, it could mean that. This isn’t just about my desire to have another child, this has lasting health consequences.

When I google ‘AMH under 1’ I find a lot of stuff. All of it is depressing. Some of it is terrifying. Women who only retrieve one or two eggs during IVF. Young women – in their twenties – being advised to use donor eggs immediately and not even try with their own eggs.”

Esperanza is only 32 years old.


What’s Next?

Esperanza and Mi.Vida will be seeing their RE this week. Their RE has recommended moving right on to IVF.

But IVF is beyond their means. Already financially exhausted by the struggle to be young parents, they are tapped out. They have had to explain to friends and family who have urged them to “just adopt” that adoption is twice the cost of IVF, at least.

What is IVF?


The Unique Hell of Secondary Infertility


Secondary infertility is a unique kind of hell. Many who are going through infertility want one child so badly. You worry you will offend them with talk of your desire for a second child. You have a child already. Doesn’t it seem greedy you want more than one?

And yet in America, almost no one has one child. The average family has two children. So everywhere you go, you are surrounded by families with two kids. Announcements on Facebook of second children (or even third or fourth children) are everywhere you look. Grief is everywhere.

Of all the people I have profiled, Esperanza’s story has been both the easiest and the hardest to write. Esperanza is my best friend. I was also diagnosed with premature ovarian failure at age 32. I never thought the same thing would happen to her. It kills me that this is happening to her. She came to help me with my son’s birthday party back in November. While the rest of the parents and I chatted, Esperanza jumped in and played pirates and balloon swords and gave a merry chase while we looked on, exhausted.

My friend Roumi said: “She’s a mom, right? I hope so. She’s a born mother.”

And so she is.

To read more about the remarkable Esperanza’s journey, please go here.


Filed under Faces of ALI, Infertility

25 responses to “Faces of ALI: The Unique Hell of Secondary Infertility

  1. A powerful story. You must love Esperanza very much. Funny how the majority of the general public think IF & IVF is made up of those 40+. Thank you for sharing. #ICLW35

  2. Life

    This is a beautiful post. Heart wrenching. I have 2 living children, one angel in heaven. And we are TTC again….. I had tears in my eyes while reading this…..

  3. Pingback: Faces of ALI: Secondary Infertility (And Me?!) « Stumbling Gracefully

  4. Oh that ending packs a punch. Great profile as always.

  5. Even if I didn’t know and care about Esperanza this profile would have (and did) bring me to tears and,too, reach beneath the surface of my own grief which I rarely look at or address xoxox. Gorgeous work. Love to both you and E.



  6. Nicely written, J! I have not told E this yet, but I’ve been having a hard time with her diagnosis because it just seems unreal to me. I think of her every day and hope she’s doing ok…. Just ok, you know? I know that at this time, wishing for more is futile because this road, right now, for E seems impossible and in defines every day of hers. I remember that so well from my IF past, but our diagnosis was clear and “easy.”. Being where she is right now is beyond comprehension for so many (myself included), and this profile shows that so well.

    Thank you for another REALISTIC look at ALI. Our problems were not due to my age, but I know that even my MIL still believes they were. Even being told her son has pathetic sperm, my age is still believed by her to be our REAL problem. If only it was that easy to blame IF on age!

  7. Esperanza’s blog is always so chock full of great writing and heartfelt observations and food for thought. I am behind on reading right now because I want to put aside time to read carefully and savour every word. I am so sorry to hear of this latest setback. 😦 Thanks for another thought-provoking Faces of ALI installment, Jjiraffe.

  8. Jess, you have captured Esperanza’s unique and very painful journey with such compassion and beauty. You’ve done her proud, I’m sure – and you’ve done the community a great service by sharing with us such a real and necessary portrait of secondary infertility. Brava.

  9. Thank you for another wonderful profile, and that ending…wow. I was 28 when we started TTC, so it is great to see another post dispelling the myth that IF impacts only or primarily older women.

  10. Thank you for this. It’s the very best explanation of secondary infertility I’ve found, and after wandering lost in it for 3 years (and I’m not yet 30) it’s great to see it laid out so I can share it with others.

  11. Cristy

    Such a powerful addition to the Face of ALI. Too often, it’s assumed that secondary infertility is less painful and less of a crisis because you already have a child (or children). But the pain and trauma is still very real.

    I’ve been following along with Esperanza’s blog, but had no idea about this recent diagnosis. I’m glad that through all of this, I’m glad she has you as well as others in this community to lean on for support.

  12. Beautifully done, J. I’m so glad to have this portrait of secondary infertility included in your Faces series … because it’s such a complicated, uniquely painful place to be. I hope that it dispels some of the myths, and helps others know that they are not alone, especially given that the world seems to think that we should all be happy if we have achieved our dream of a child.

  13. Thank you for this beautiful blog. The world needs to understand that infertility is not just an “old” woman’s disease.

  14. This is the first Faces of ALI profile I’ve read about a blogger whose blog I also follow. Somehow, seeing it all put together really makes the story clear. Like Courtney said, I just have trouble believing the diagnosis was real. Illogically, I was sure E and I would be pregnant at the same time. You’ve done such a good job portraying her story, though, and the sadness of wondering what’s next.

  15. Beautifully written. I’ve been following Esperanza’s blog, so know how painful this is for her. And I love the image of her playing pirates with balloon swords at the end, even though the final comments pack a punch. That’s the thing about infertility (primary or secondary) – sadly there’s no discrimination between those who are “born mothers” and those who are not.

  16. another wonderful profile, and I know this one hits close to home. good to see secondary infertility included in the Faces of ALI series — and you’re right, it’s a unique sort of hell, so often misunderstood.

  17. A.

    I’ve been reading E’s blog for over 2 years and I learned so many new things about her in this post. Brought me to tears. So full of hope for her.

  18. Thank you for sharing Esperanza, Mi Visa and Isa’s story here. Though I have been following their story via Esperanza’s blog for awhile, it was moving and bittersweet to read it this way, as a Faces of ALI Profile here. I can only imagine what it was like to write this one about your best friend.

    As others have commented, the secondary infertility and loss storyline also hits very close to home for me. I appreciate you focusing part of your post on some of the unique challenges that come with SIF. As with so many categories in the world of Adoption/Loss/Infertility I agree that “most people” don’t begin to understand what it is like to experience SIF and I appreciate your effort here to give people a window into the world of a family who wants more children and trying to conceive again is not going how they hoped and dreamed it would.

  19. Esperanza

    Thank you, thank you, thank you. There aren’t enough thank yous. Not for the writer or this post or the commenters.

    Thank you.

  20. Truly, there is a unique hell found in secondary infertility. I so wish there was something I could do to relieve Esperanza’s pain.

  21. How is it you can make new to me a story I thought I knew?

    I wish Esperanza, Mi.Vida and Isa my best as they find their way toward completing their family.

  22. Lisa @ hapahopes

    Lovely as always. I could just see her playing pirates and joining in gleefully. Very touching. Best wishes to them.

  23. Pingback: Scratch that plan « Stumbling Gracefully

  24. I’m so glad you wrote this. I passed it onto one of my friends who has felt very alone in her SIF hell surrounded by primary infertiles. SIF is a different but no less agonizing pain. Beautifully written.

  25. Pingback: Secondary Infertility Stories: Just One More…

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